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One dental procedure many adults undergo is wisdom tooth removal. These often troublesome teeth are the final set of molars that emerged. Unfortunately, most of us do not have enough room to comfortably accommodate these late bloomers, leading to many potential dental issues.

Wisdom Tooth Removal

An oral surgeon often performs wisdom tooth removal, a common dental procedure involving incising the gum tissue, carefully removing bone, and extracting the tooth. If the tooth is impacted, it may need to be cut into parts to facilitate removal. This procedure is often followed by widening the reaming tooth socket for easier extraction.

Reasons for Wisdom Tooth Extraction

Wisdom tooth removal is often necessary to avoid complications with surrounding teeth. Among many reasons, the most common are overcrowding, habitual biting of the inner cheek or tongue, infection, decay, and inflammation of the surrounding gums.

Preparing for a Wisdom Tooth Extraction Procedure

Pre-surgery Examination

Before diving directly into a wisdom tooth extraction, a reputable family dentist will assess the condition of your ailing wisdom tooth and the health of the surrounding teeth. Getting a full history of any previous dental procedures, any medications you are on, and any potential health concerns all fall under the responsibilities of a good dentist.

Discussion of Anaesthesia Options

The use of local anesthesia is common with wisdom tooth removal. This numbs the area around the tooth, alleviating pain during extraction. Sedatives keep you calm, relaxed, and, in some cases, in a semi-conscious state. In some scenarios, a general anesthetic might be used, where you’ll sleep through the entire procedure.

The Wisdom Tooth Extraction Process

The wisdom tooth extraction process is a methodical one, involving several critical steps that ensure the patient’s comfort and successful removal of the tooth. Below are the key stages that this procedure generally encompasses: 

  • Initial Anaesthesia: The first part of the process revolves around anesthesia. The type of anesthesia used—local, soothing, or general—will depend on the extraction’s complexity and the patient’s comfort level. 
  • Incision: Once the patient is comfortable, an incision is made in the gum tissue to reveal the tooth and bone. This phase requires precision to avoid causing unnecessary tissue damage. 
  • Removal of Bone: If the tooth is still encased within the jawbone, the surgeon will remove the portion of the bone that blocks access to the tooth’s root. 
  • Tooth Division: In some cases, especially for impacted wisdom teeth, the tooth will be cut into smaller parts to make the extraction procedure easier and less traumatic for surrounding tissues. 
  • Tooth Extraction: After completing the above steps, the tooth or its parts will be carefully extracted. The oral surgeon will widen the tooth socket to ease this process if necessary. 
  • Cleaning and Stitching: Once the tooth is removed, the oral surgeon will clean the extraction site, removing any remaining debris from the tooth or bone. They will stitch up the wound with dissolvable stitches to facilitate healing. 
  • Gauze Application: The surgeon will then place a gauze pad over the extraction site to help stop bleeding and assist in the formation of a blood clot, which is crucial to the healing process. 

Each step is conducted with utmost care, and pain management is a top priority throughout, ensuring that the patient experiences minimal discomfort during the extraction. Remember that the procedure’s duration can vary from person to person, depending on factors like the tooth’s position, the patient’s overall health, etc.

Pain Management During Extraction

In an effective extraction procedure, pain during extraction should be minimal. Your dental surgeon will continually monitor this and take necessary actions to maintain comfort throughout the surgery, which could take 45 minutes to an hour, depending on the complexity.

Post-Operation Experience and Care

  • Immediately After the Surgery: Immediately after tooth extraction, gauze will be applied to control any bleeding. Dissolving stitches may be used to close up the wound to expedite healing. A blood clot will naturally form in the empty (now healing) tooth socket, a normal part of the healing process.
  • The Healing Process: The healing process after tooth extraction generally takes a few weeks. It includes taking prescribed antibiotics, resting, and avoiding interfering with the blood clot in the tooth socket. Following your dental surgeon’s instructions during this period is important to ensure a healthy and speedy recovery.
  • 24 Hours post-Operation: The first 24 hours post-operation are crucial. Ensure you stick to the post-extraction instructions. These usually involve avoiding liquid runs, biting jaws together, drinking hot liquids, and strenuous physical activity. It’s also advised to avoid smoking and alcohol.

Post-Extraction Instructions and Cautions

Do’s and Don’ts After Wisdom Tooth Extraction

Following a strict set of guidelines becomes imperative after the dental procedure of wisdom tooth removal or any tooth extraction process. Some of these are avoiding irritating the surgical area, not spitting forcefully, not drinking hot liquids or alcoholic beverages, and avoiding any physical activity that could lead to increased blood flow to the mouth.

Recognizing and Managing Possible Complications

It is also essential to be alert to signs of ongoing infection, such as prolonged pain, swelling, or bleeding. If any of these symptoms persist, consult promptly with your dental surgeon for appropriate post-operative care.

Root Canal vs. Wisdom Tooth Extraction

In contrast to impacted wisdom teeth removal, a root canal is a treatment used to repair and save a tooth badly decayed or infected. Root canal in Batavia, for instance, preserves your natural tooth, making it a preferred option if feasible. However, extraction is considered the best option if a tooth is severely damaged.


Wisdom tooth extraction can be daunting, but it becomes less intimidating once you thoroughly understand what to expect. From preparation to recovery, understanding the process can put your mind at ease and set you up for a successful surgery and recovery. Remember to look after your oral health to minimize such complicated dental procedures.